Today, at Gardenprue, we are going to create a file for a plant that will surely surprise you. This is Wisteria sinensis , an intoxicating plant with purple tones that will climb any surface in your garden. If you are wanting to incorporate a climbing shrub with ornamental characteristics, this is the plant for you. Ah! and be careful with the children and this plant, we will tell you why.
CULTIVATION OF WISTERIA SINENSIS
When we talk about Wisteria sinensis we actually mean what we commonly know as wisteria or wisteria. They belong to the genus Wisteria , which are climbing species originating on the one hand from the Asian region of China, Japan and Korea, and on the other hand the eastern part of the United States. The wisteria have an incredible growth if we take good care to the point of growing 1 meter per year. Of course, it will do so as long as the conditions are optimal, which we are going to look for from this article.
If we had to define the cultivation conditions of Wisteria sinensis , we would do it through these three ideas: resistant, easy to cultivate and with great adaptability. It is quite resistant to cold and will withstand it unless very intense frosts occur.
As for the light , it adapts to any condition of full sun or shade. Keep in mind that given its energetic growth it will be impossible to control, when the wisteria grows large, the shade it receives.
CHOOSING SOIL FOR WISTERIA
If we had the option of choosing a certain soil in our garden for wisteria or wisteria, we would choose it with a good content of organic matter , fresh, clayey and deep. We say clayey because wisteria sinensis loves moisture-retaining conditions in the soil. Be careful, with this we are not saying that you like flooded soils, in which case the only thing that you will be producing is root asphyxia . If you do not have a clay soil, nothing happens because wisteria adapts to all types of soils , only that you will have to achieve that constant humidity throughout the crop.
As for deep soils, it is very important that it allows a correct development of its roots, which explore deep soils and expand strongly, branching out on all sides (similar to eucalyptus).
IRRIGATION DOSE AND FERTILIZER
Regarding the irrigation dose and frequency , we will start from logic knowing that wisteria grows well in environments with moist soil or with good moisture retention capacity. We will water periodically , without allowing stages of drought and much less producing waterlogging. Above all, influence irrigation in its growth stage (the first years).
As for the fertilizer , a plant like the wisteria sinensis that produces a large number of flowers and grows vigorously for a long time (lives more than 100 years), needs a constant source of nutrients, especially in the flowering stage. We can use balanced manure, compost or vermicompost , or NPK mineral fertilizers. As for the form of subscriber must indiciar depending on the ground, for example, if basic pH, incidiremos in mixtures of acid pH, as vermicomposting as often chlorosis present (as the chlorosis ) by lack of mobility of minerals in calcareous soils.
MULTIPLICATION OF WISTERIA OR WISTERIA
When it comes to multiplying the wisteria sinensis we have different options. Seed, cuttings, layers, etc. The main problem appears due to seeds and that is that it takes a long time to grow and especially to flower. We will have to wait many years to see a well-formed wisteria and plant it in our garden.
The multiplication by cuttings has become a very useful and fast technique to get new plants in a short time. In this case we will have to choose a woody stake in summer and cultivate it under controlled conditions (greenhouse or indoor), and using rooting hormones as a recommendation, but not as an obligation.
Layering is another very useful technique (which by the way we have it somewhat forgotten in Gardenprue) which is basically the cutting of the roots. It is usually done in autumn in which a woody layer is selected and inserted with the cut down and later, covering with soil and watering abundantly. In the future we will tell you about some elbow techniques.
Ah! And one last thing. If you remember the article where we mentioned a list of 10 toxic plants and of which we had to pay special attention when we live with children or animals, one of them was wisteria. Great care! It is its seeds that are toxic when ingested. They cause dizziness, vomiting, abdominal pain, headache, etc.