TASKS TO BE CARRIED OUT IN PEAR CULTIVATION
In front of us we have one of the main fruit trees that we can grow in our orchard or garden. Few fruits will be more common in Spain than a pear, and if we can enjoy something as good as the harvest we get from pear cultivation , why not take advantage of it? Here are some tips to keep our pear tree in perfect condition and obtain a very good harvest.
Making our particular introduction to the pear tree we are going to tell you some things. Its scientific name is Pyrus communis and it belongs to the Rosaceae family , that large group of plants and fruit trees that is considered one of the most important both for the number of species, for the economic importance and their distribution.
In terms of production, Spain is in 4th place behind China, Italy and the United States, which are the 3 great powers in pear cultivation.
CLIMATIC ISSUES IN PEAR CULTIVATION
Its ideal climate is temperate and it grows best with cold and warm temperatures.
In winter they require an accumulation of cold (almost 1,000 accumulated hours with temperatures below 7º C, although it depends a lot on the varieties since there are some that with 400 h is enough) for the correct fruiting and ripening of their fruits, but you must Be careful with frosts , especially late ones.
We find a crop that values the characteristics of the soil very well, and with this we refer to the structure. The best mixture of loamy and clay soil is optimal, as long as there are no drainage problems (because it is a clay soil). Humidity is important in pear cultivation, since both dry and cracked soil and excessively humid soil ( beware of root suffocation ) affects the development of the crop. As for the pH, it is usually hovering around the neutral with slight variations. That is, between 6 and 7 or more approximate 6.5 to 7.5. If we get out of there we run the risk of immobilizing essential minerals for the pear tree, with which we must be providing specific minerals continuously.
IRRIGATION AND FERTILIZER NEEDS
The best way to evaluate irrigation is through a tool that assesses the evapotranspiration of the plant. In an article we talked about evapotranspiration and its calculation method.
For example, in our case we have put an area in the Region of Murcia where the pear tree is grown and it has given us these values for March-August
- March: 24.6 L / square meter
- April: 21 L / square meter
- May: 98.9 L / square meter
- June: 145.8 L / square meter
- July: 155.1 L / square meter
- August: 87.8 L / square meter
Despite being a highly coveted fruit tree with a good harvest production, its fertilizer needs are not important. We can choose to choose organic matter such as compost or manure, or mineral inorganic matter, or both.
If we add Compost we can apply between 0.5 and 1 kg per square meter (you can consider that 400 pear trees enter one hectare and make calculations
PLAGUES AND DISEASES
As we already dedicated an article to pests and diseases in pear cultivation, here you have all the necessary information.
Ah! and watch out for fire blight. Although it is not the most common thing in the world, when it appears we must take measures that do not pass through our hands. Check it out!
Image source: extremadura21
PEAR TREE MULTIPLICATION
Getting new pear trees is an option that passes through the seed or by grafting. The reason for using the seed comes from wanting to obtain new varieties of pear (whether good or bad), although grafting is the final measure to obtain the best results. You can use a guide for grafting fruit trees if you don’t have enough experience yet.
As patterns of the pear tree we have the franc and the quince. The loamy pattern is appropriate for soils where we know that it has a basic pH (limestone soil). They generally have a good development (higher costs for harvesting and pruning). They have a good root system, resistance to root suffocation and it is a fairly drought tolerant pattern.
As for the quince pattern, it has much greater homogeneity than the frank pattern (populations of similar pear trees), earlier and less pronounced development, so pruning and harvesting is achieved more easily. Be careful with the limestone terrain! In which case it will be better to go to the first pattern.
As for pruning, what we are going to do is dedicate a future article exclusively for pruning the pear tree. It is not easy because we already have a long queue of articles that we have promised you, but little by little we will try to eliminate them from our pending list;). With this we also tell you that if you have a preference for a crop or anything related to agriculture, let us know (social networks, email, comments) and we will try.