List of invasive plants in Spain

A week ago we told you about the cat’s claw (Carpobrotus edulis). A creeping plant that invades beaches and coasts of the Spanish coast (which is a lot) displacing other native species. In our country there are numerous invasive plants  that we must prevent their proliferation. To do this, at Gardenprue we have taken the updated BOE table for 2013 and we want you to help us disseminate it. We will be helping our ecosystems!



Each year, species that may pose or pose a serious threat to the ecosystems of a country or territory are reviewed. They are invasive species. These introduced species, most of the time due to carelessness or ignorance, find in the place where they invade, the ideal environment for their propagation and no impediment that controls said species. This entails an excessive growth and proliferation that even displace and even make other native species that lived in a delicate balance disappear. In Spain we have a few invasive plants, the vast majority of which have been introduced by human hands.

The biggest barrier is the sea, a barrier that has been destroyed by human movements all over the globe. In Spain, the vast majority of species considered invasive are limited to insular areas (the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands). The island ecosystems are very sensitive in this regard because their biodiversity and balance are defined by a very small territory and completely isolated. For this reason, the introduction of a species whose possibilities of propagation in that environment are not known, can pose a serious threat to the rest.

From time to time a table with the species considered invasive in our country is published in the Official State Gazette , either on the peninsula or on the islands. As many people do not know that it exists, from Gardenprue we want to disseminate this list to make it known, so that all citizens know that it exists and can consult the species that are found in it. With this we want to prevent them from spreading by accident, thinking for example , that “the plant in question is very beautiful for our garden.”

In Gardenprue we have already talked about a couple of these species ( Cat’s Claw and Ailanto ) that generate monumental expenses for their control and attempt at eradication, which in the end we all pay.

Here is the list of current invasive plants. If you want to consult the complete list (algae, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals …), you must go to  Royal Decree 630/2013, of August 2, which regulates the Spanish Catalog of invasive alien species.



Acacia dealbata Link.Except the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands.Mimosa, acacia, French acacia.
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.Canary Islands.Acacia, aromo, carambuco, mimosa.
Acacia salicina Lindl.Canary Islands.Willow-leaf acacia.
Agave americana L.Common pythera.
Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) King & H. Rob.Canary Islands.Matoespuma.
Ageratina riparia (Regel) RM King & H. Rob.Canary Islands.Fine foam mat.
Ailanthus altissima (Miller) Swingle.Ailanthus, tree of heaven, false sumac
Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb.Lagunilla, lizard grass, huiro verde.
Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.Ragweed.
Araujia sericifera Brot.Cruel plant, miraguano.
Arbutus unedo L.Canary Islands.Arbutus.
Arundo donax L.Canary Islands.Caña, cañavera, bardiza, cane
Asparagus asparagoides (L.) Druce.African asparagus.
Atriplex semilunaris Aellen.Canary Islands.Amuelle.
Azolla spp.Azolla.
Baccharis halimifolia L.Bácaris, chilca, chilca with orzaga leaf, carqueja.
Buddleja davidii Franchet.Budleya, baileya, butterfly bush.
Cabomba caroliniana Gray.Aquatic nettle.
Calotropis procera (Aiton) WT Aiton.Canary Islands.Silk cotton.
Carpobrotus acinaciformis (L.) L. Bolus.Except the Canary Islands.Knife grass, cat’s claw, lion’s claw.
Carpobrotus edulis (L.) NE Br.Knife grass, cat’s claw, lion’s claw
Centranthus ruber (L.) DC.Canary Islands.Herb of St. George.
Cortaderia spp.Except the Canary Islands.Pampas grass, Pampas reed.
Cotula coronopifolia L.Balearics.Cotula.
Crassula helmsii (Kirk) Cockayne.
Cylindropuntia spp.Cylindropuntia
Cyrtomium falcatum (L. f.) C. Presl.Canary Islands.Holly fern.
Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link.Canary Islands.Black broom.
Egeria densa Planch.Elodea densa.
Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms.Water hyacinth, camalote.
Elodea canadensis Michx.Brushwood of Canada, water stink.
Elodea nuttallii (Planch.) H. St. John.Brushwood of Canada, water stink.
Eschscholzia californica Champ.Canary Islands.California poppy, gold thimble.
Fallopia baldschuanica (Regel) Holub.Tibet vineyard.
Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) (= Reynoutria japonica Houtt.).Japanese knotty grass.
Furcraea foetida (L.) Haw.Canary Islands.Pitera open.
Hedychium gardnerianum Shepard ex Ker Gawl.White ginger.
Heracleum mantegazzianum Somm. & Lev.Giant parsley.
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides L. f.Round of water.
Ipomoea indica (Burn).Canary and Balearic Islands.Purple bell, batatilla de Indias.
Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) De wit.Canary Islands.White scent.
Ludwigia spp. [Except L. palustris (L.) Elliott].Peach of water.
Maireana brevifolia (R. Br.) PG Wilson.Canary Islands.Blue matte.
Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc.
Nassella neesiana (Trin, & Rupr.) Barkworth.Canary Islands.Arrow.
Nicotiana glauca Graham.Moorish tobacco.
Nymphaea mexicana Zucc.Yellow lily.
Opuntia dillenii (Ker-Gawler) Haw.Indian tunera.
Opuntia maxima Miller.Common tunera.
Opuntia stricta (Haw.).Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands.Chumbera.
Oxalis pes-caprae L.Sour, sour, cruet, cruet.
Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov.Canary and Balearic Islands.Quicuyo.
Pennisetum purpureum Schum.Canary Islands.Elephant pasture.
Pennisetum setaceum (Forssk.) Chiov.Duster, rabogato, elephant grass.
Pennisetum villosum R. Br. Ex Fresen.Balearics.Albino rabogato.
Phoenix dactylifera L.Canary Islands.Date palm.
Pistia stratiotes L. Royle.Water lettuce.
Ricinus communis L.Canary Islands.Tartaguero.
Salvinia spp.Salvinia.
Senecio inaequidens DC.Senecio del Cabo.
Spartina alterniflora Loisel.Borraza.
Spartina densiflora Brongn.Espartillo.
Spartina patens (Ait.) Muhl.
Spartium junceum L.Canary Islands.Odor broom.
Tradescantia fluminensis Hairy.Man’s love, cat’s ear.
Ulex europaeus L.Canary Islands.Gorse.

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