We find ourselves with one of the great crops of purely ornamental use. We have dedicated many specialized articles to the rosebush but until now we had not grouped them into one. Today we will learn the secrets of its cultivation and the needs of each point (as we are used to telling you about it) to get the most out of your rose bush.
ROSE BUSH CHARACTERISTICS
Although currently thanks to some renowned chefs we can see how the leaves of the rose bush can be used to make wonderful dishes of high modernity, the rose bush has had ornamental characteristics since its inception .
It is a very grateful crop that produces one of the most popular and showy flowers that we can see in a garden.
It is so famous that it gives its name to one of the most important botanical families, either for economic reasons, because of the number of species or because of their importance (apple, pear, apricot, almond, peach, plum, and a long etc).
Do you know which one we are talking about? Of the Rosaceae !
And what about the climate, the soil, the irrigation, its problems …? Let’s see it right now and help you plague your rose garden.
ROSE GROWING CONDITIONS
THE CLIMATE IN ROSE BUSH CULTIVATION
The rose bush, and we will see it when we talk about the soil, is a rustic crop (quite susceptible to diseases, but generally rustic). It is grown in warm climates where it develops optimally when temperatures are between 15 and 25 ºC.
A variation of these temperatures in its growing season affects its development, but it does not mean a loss of the crop. We must be careful with untimely frosts , especially when we have young stems and flower development.
The winter pruning help pass colder times, but it is important to protect the roots for future growth of the plant. There are several options, such as hilling the soil on the stem, mulching or mulching , the BRF (you do not know what it is?) Etc.
The characteristics of the rose bush make it a rustic crop . However, this does not mean that to have it in optimal condition we do not have to water, fertilize, prune it, etc.
It refers to the fact that it adapts to a great variety of soils, and even more so when the variety and the graft are correctly selected.
Among all this great variety of soils to which the rose bush adapts, there is a type that is the most indicated, and it is that deep, fertile soil, with a silty texture and basic pH .
HOW DOES THE IRRIGATION HAVE TO BE?
Depending on the variety of rose bush you have, they will withstand dry seasons more or less well. However, their flower growth and development is greatly reduced. Special interest must be devoted to irrigation in hot seasons , in the production of flower buds and especially in the first months of the crop’s life, when the roots are still small.
In winter for example, when we do an intense pruning (we will see it later) the irrigation needs are very low.
In summer , when the heat and sunny days arrive, we must not neglect the watering and provide a humid environment if we want to get the most out of our rose bush. Of course, always without flooding!
SUBSCRIBER OF THE ROSEBUSH
The subscriber plays an important role in the cultivation of the rose bush . So much so that a long time ago we dedicated an article to it where we related the role of each of the mineral elements. You can take a look here , or if you have any questions, you can ask in our forum .
PRUNING AND GRAFTING THE ROSE BUSH
An important maintenance to guarantee the growth, development and shape of the rose bush is to guarantee a correct pruning. You will find many books related to the pruning of the rose bush. We did a small article where we clarified the main points to follow in pruning the rose bush .
The grafting technique is also important, as a method of vegetative propagation of rose bushes. It is one of the most used methods to get new plants with the same characteristics as their “mother”, but it is complicated if you do not have the necessary knowledge.
Do not worry, we will help you learn about the rosebush grafting .
PESTS AND DISEASES OF THE ROSE BUSH
The rose bush is a crop quite vulnerable to pests and diseases. Especially diseases . Practically if we do not put preventive remedies, we will suffer the unfortunate attack of fungi that will settle in your rose bush, sometimes without remedy.
If you are one of the lucky ones who have always kept their rose bushes clean of diseases in their orchard, we want you to tell us!