Aromatic plants. How to sow

We know that aromatic plants are usually rustic species that with relatively little care tend to do well. But do we know how to sow them? Learn the keys to sowing properly and obtaining good results in your garden. Remember that they can help you avoid pests!

 

LEARN THE KEYS TO PLANT AROMATIC PLANTS

In previous Gardenprue posts we have been putting sowing calendars and information on the cultivation of various types of vegetables so that you are encouraged to plant in your gardens. In this case we are going to give you some basic notions of sowing and maintaining some of the most common aromatic and medicinal plants so that you can complete your garden with them since they cause a synergistic effect with your crop, protecting it from some pests as we have commented on other occasions. You will also have in your homes a drawer of spices and totally fresh infusions that have nothing to do with flavor and aroma with which we usually buy in stores. They are all advantages!

TYPES OF SOWING IN AROMATIC PLANTS

These plants need adequate sowing conditions like any crop, so the first thing we are going to do is differentiate between direct sowing and sowing in a seedbed, whether under cover or not. Depending on the type of aromatic plant and the weather conditions in which it is sown, a specific type of sowing may be more suitable.

Direct sowing : As its name indicates, it is the simplest sowing method. Introduce the seed to the appropriate depth in the site where the plant is going to develop. Of course, the floor must be previously conditioned for this purpose.

Sowing in seedlings : Sowing is carried out in trays with a suitable substrate until germination to later transplant them to the final place where the plant will develop. In some cases it will be necessary to protect the plant from adverse weather conditions such as cold, wind or excessive rain. For this, sowing will be carried out under cover. We will need a greenhouse for this but don’t worry if you don’t have one. There are many homemade and very inexpensive ways to make it and with exceptional results. We will tell you how in later posts.

PLANTING CONDITIONS

VARIETYPLANTING TYPESOWING DEPTH (MM)GERMINATION (DAYS)
SAVORYCOVER / DIRECT58-10
BASILSEED / DIRECT108-10
CHIVEDIRECT512-15
CILANTRODIRECT2010-12
DILLDIRECT1012-15
MEJORANADIRECT58-10
MINTSEED / DIRECT18-10
PARSLEYDIRECT1020-22
PERIFOLLOCOVER / DIRECT105-6
ROMEROHOTBED1015-30
SALVIAHOTBED1010-15
THYMEHOTBED18-12
SHOWING FROM 1 TO 12 OF 12 RECORDS

THINNING IN AROMATIC PLANTS

For our aromatic plants to grow properly we have to consider thinning if the germination of the seed has been successful since it is very possible that they compete with each other and even overlap and do not develop properly. The table below shows the sowing and harvesting period as well as the centimeters to be spaced during thinning. Say that this operation should be carried out when the plants have between 2 and 4 leaves.

THE RINGING IN AROMATIC PLANTS

If you are wondering about the picking, it is a technique used in some plants sown in seedlings with the sole purpose of causing a branching of the roots as well as the stems and provide vigor to the plant. This operation must be carried out with great care since it is done when the plant has a maximum of 3 leaves. It consists of replanting to another tray with new substrate before leaving the plant in its final location. The substrate to be used is recommended to be light (leaves, peat and sand in equal parts). The table indicates which plants it is recommended for.

SOWING CALENDAR

AROMATICSOWINGTHINNING (CM)PEAKEDHARVEST
SAVORYIII-VI8-10VI-IX
BASILII-IV8-10*VI-X
CHIVEII-III2-4I-XII
CILANTROIII-IV6-8VII-IX
DILLIV-V8-10IX-X
MEJORANAIV-V6-8V-XI
MINTIII-IV6-8*I-XII
PARSLEYIII-V4-6VI-III+
PERIFOLLOI-VIII6-8IV-X
ROMEROII-VI*V-IX
SALVIAIII-V8-10*V-VII
THYMEII-VII6-8*YOU LIVE
SHOWING FROM 1 TO 12 OF 12 RECORDS

If you have any questions or want to know about other plants, do not hesitate to ask us.

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